Range Description: This is originally a South African species, not native in Europe. It is spreading rapidly in the Mediterranean. It occurs in Europe since This relatively recent accidental import from South Africa (originally on imported Pelargoniums, it is believed) is starting to colonise the south coast of France and . Ecology, conservation and threats of Cacyreus marshalli. Species page, life cycle and photos.

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IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Species categorized as Near Threatened NT. Applied and Environmental Microbiology. The strongly marsha,li fringes and a long tail on the hindwing are also distinctive. Sammut, ; EPPO, Eitschberger and Stamertherefore, excluded the possibility that the introduction into Mallorca was due to natural dispersal.

Polyommatinae Swainson, Tribe: In countries like Spain, the Geranium plant species are highly bought in Spanish homes as ornaments. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser.

News from IUCN

Cacyreus marshalli Butler[1]. References Top of page Baufeld P, N Tenerife, Spain, April Cacyreus Butler, Subgenus: Supplementum 9 Eastern Gorilla Critically Endangered, A4bcd ver 3.

It fed very slowly for several weeks then cwcyreus. The pupa stage occurs at the bottom of the flower peduncle in many of the host species. Cadiz, Spain, October Previous 1 Next. This species is a native of Southern Africa.

European Lepidoptera and their ecology: Cacyreus marshalli

Larval food plant wild and cultivated Pelargonium. This butterfly was accidentally introduced first to the Balearic Islands in and has since spread to much Spain, France, Italy, Morocco and has even reached Malta.


They were difficult to rear in the plastic containers, only feeding on old dried flower buds and leaves – even when fresh food was put alongside them they still went for the old dried up stuff.

Cacyreus marshalli, a new species of butterfly for the fauna of Europe? It arrived in Europe in the early s and has since spread around the western Mediterranean where it can be easily found and is often common in towns and villages. Shilap, Revista de Lepidopterologia, 25 Our new goal isspecies by Leaves may be partially eaten by the larvae but cacyreud symptom is less frequent and can be confused with snails feeding Sarto i Monteys and Maso, The eggs are typically laid close to the flower buds, but are occasionally laid on the leaves.

The newly hatched larvae move into a flower bud by piercing a hole through vacyreus sepals.

Geranium Bronze

Description to be completed. European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization currently lists geranium bronze as an A2 quarantine pest for Europe, and an A1 quarantine pest for Turkey.

The cacyreks bronze butterfly has not been reported as a pest in its native home and surrounding South African regions. Description Top of page Eggs Whitish to light-yellow or brown eggs, 0.

Symptoms Top of page Damage becomes most visible during the hot season when the larvae are most active.

Immature stages were subsequently found that gave rise to another generation. We had several visits madshalli MAFF to assess the potential of the species as a threat to the horticultural trade. Fuentes Garcia FJ, Little is known about the biology of C. New data on the expansion of the Geranium Bronze, Cacyreus marshalli Butler, Lepidoptera, Lycaenidae in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula, with some biological notes.

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Having said that, on Nov 1st 97 we did find one female roosting in the garden with a Small Copper after an air frost of It was accidentally introduced to the Balearic Islands in about and has since spread to much of Spain, southern France, parts of Italy and Morocco.

This is an incredible achievement. It obviously did not cause significant enough losses in its indigenous area, southern Africa, to justify specific research. I think it is very unlikely that it would ever adapt to feeding on this plant as they would really struggle, regardless of the cold.

Use dmy dates from October Articles with ‘species’ microformats. We need to more than double the number of wild species plants, animals and fungi assessed Our new goal isspecies by In South Africa the lifecycle is about 46 days.

With great difficulty we managed to get a larva to feed on Dove’s-foot Crain ‘s-bill.

We need to more than double the number of wild species plants, animals and fungi assessed. Pupa Very hairy in shades of green, pale-yellow or brown, with brown mottling; 9 mm long Clark and Dickson, Adult Female adults have a wingspan of mm while male adults have a wingspan of mm.